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Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGA)

Adult members of rural households submit their name, age and address with photo to the Gram Panchayat. The Gram Panchayat registers households after making enquiry and issues a job card. The job card contains the details of adult member enrolled and his /her photo. Registered person can submit an application for work in writing (for at least fourteen days of continuous work) either to Panchayat or to Programme Officer.

The Panchayat/Programme officer will accept the valid application and issue dated receipt of application, letter providing work will be sent to the applicant and also displayed at Panchayat office. The employment will be provided within a radius of 5 km: if it is above 5 km extra wage will be paid.

Key facts that users should know about MNREGA
  • MGNREGA guarantees hundred days of wage employment in a financial year, to a rural household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.
  • Individual beneficiary oriented works can be taken up on the cards of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, small or marginal farmers or beneficiaries of land reforms or beneficiaries under the Indira Awaas Yojana of the Government of India.
  • Within 15 days of submitting the application or from the day work is demanded, wage employment will be provided to the applicant.
  • Right to get unemployment allowance in case employment is not provided within fifteen days of submitting the application or from the date when work is sought.
  • Receipt of wages within fifteen days of work done.
  • Variety of permissible works which can be taken up by the Gram Panchayaths.
  • MGNREGA focuses on the economic and social empowerment of women.
  • MGNREGA provides “Green” and “Decent” work.
  • Social Audit of MGNREGA works is mandatory, which lends to accountability and transparency.
  • MGNREGA works address the climate change vulnerability and protect the farmers from such risks and conserve natural resources.
  • The Gram Sabha is the principal forum for wage seekers to raise their voices and make demands. It is the Gram Sabha and the Gram Panchayat which approves the shelf of works under MGNREGA and fix their priority.
Implementation Status
  • The scheme was introduced in 200 districts during financial year 2006-07 and 130 districts during the financial year 2007-08
  • In April 2008 NREGA expandd to entire rural area of the country covering 34 States and Union Territories, 614 Districts, 6,096 Blocks and 2.65 lakhs Gram Panchayat.
  • The scheme now covers 648 Districts, 6,849 Blocks and 2,50,441 Gram Panchayats in the financial year 2015-16.
Activities covered under MGNREGA

Permissible activities as stipulated in Para 1 of Schedule-I of Mahatma Gandhi NREGA are as under:

  • Union Rural Development Ministry has notified works under MGNREGA, majority of which are related to agricultural and allied activities, besides the works that will facilitate rural sanitation projects in a major way.
  • The works have been divided into 10 broad categories like Watershed, Irrigation and Flood management works, Agricultural and Livestock related works, Fisheries and works in coastal areas and the Rural Drinking water and Sanitation related works.
  • Briefing the MGNREGA 2.0 (the second generation reforms for the rural job scheme) the priority of the works will be decided by the Gram Panchayats in meetings of the Gram Sabhas and the Ward Sabhas.
  • The Rural development also informed that the 30 new works being added in the Schedule 1 will also help the
  • Rural sanitation projects, as for the first time toilet building, soak pits and solid and liquid waste management have been included under MGNREGA. Though the overall 60:40 ratio of labour and material component will be maintained at the Gram Panchayat level but there will be some flexibility in the ratio for certain works based on the practical requirements.
  • Construction of AWC building has been included as an approved activity under the MGNREG Act. ‘Guidelines for construction of Anganwadi Centres’ under MGNREGS have been issued jointly by Secretary, WCD and Secretary, Ministry of Rural Development, on 13th August, 2015. Under MGNREGS, expenditure up to Rs.5 lakh per AWC building for construction will be allowed. Expenditure beyond Rs. 5 lakh per AWC including finishing, flooring, painting, plumbing, electrification, wood work, etc. will be met from the ICDS funds.
697141Total Active Workers
626Total Amount Spent(Cr)
100District Coverage %
Below data is for MGNREGA (2017-2023)
wdt_id Financial Year district Job Card Applied Job Card Issued Active Job Cards Active SC Worker Active ST Worker Active Other Worker Active Total Worker Active Women Worker
1 2022-2023 PHERZAWL 7,979 7,956 7,947 0 9,204 161 9,365 3,060
2 2022-2023 NONEY 12,949 12,720 12,711 1 14,612 1,131 15,744 6,218
3 2022-2023 KANGPOKPI 38,498 38,371 37,422 114 41,868 7,103 49,085 19,922
4 2017-2018 TENGNOUPAL 15,048 15,035 14,554 93 14,273 1,500 15,866 7,529
5 2021-2022 TENGNOUPAL 15,483 15,454 15,419 93 14,311 1,500 15,904 7,543
6 2021-2022 IMPHAL WEST 67,812 67,722 66,840 4,039 1,311 74,864 80,214 48,482
7 2021-2022 JIRIBAM 9,812 9,690 8,957 1,814 853 8,239 10,906 4,886
8 2021-2022 KAKCHING 37,006 36,669 35,832 3,163 21 49,010 52,194 28,792
9 2020-2021 CHANDEL 20,305 20,304 20,151 5 20,450 148 20,603 10,049
10 2020-2021 CHURACHANDPUR 55,163 55,163 54,811 67 60,023 1,595 61,685 27,405
Financial Year district Job Card Applied Job Card Issued Active Job Cards Active SC Worker Active ST Worker Active Other Worker Active Total Worker Active Women Worker